The types of car damage


Stew Broward
Head of PR (Enzo Collision)
December 26, 2023

It is a common practice for people to assume that all damages seen on their vehicles are similar, but this is not true. The damage noticed on any vehicle can be categorized into various types and it is dependent on the level of repair needed. It is essential to be conversant with the various types of damage that can reduce the functionality of your car.

Proper knowledge of what to take note of can assist in ensuring the safety and proper operation of your vehicle. In this article, we will be taking a look at the types of damages in car accidents to look out for.

What Do We Mean by Car Damage?

No one wants to intentionally have an accident, as they are considerably unavoidable incidents. Although steps can be taken to lower the risk of such happening, it is quite impossible to take away danger.

When talking about damage to a car, it does not only refer to the visual perspective of the vehicle but also the overall operations of the car. Therefore, by having an in-depth knowledge of the major types of car damage, you can properly handle the issue and get the repair fixed immediately.

Top 8 Types of Car Accident Damages

Whether you consider yourself an expert driver or a beginner, in certain circumstances, you will have to handle vehicle damages. While serious accidents can result in unrepairable damage to your car, other minor accidents might not be severe and can be repaired quietly and easily. For a better understanding, below are the 8 main types of car body damage.

● Weather Damage

For individuals who reside in places such as Illinois, there is an increased risk of being involved in weather-related damage. This can be from certain weather conditions such as high winds and hails which can affect how your vehicle operates. For instance, hail storms are known to be a common type to look out for, as the pellets of ice flying around can dent any part of the car.

Also, damage caused by wind storms too cannot be overlooked, as debris and flying branches can easily affect the windshield. In an attempt to prevent such damage which is a result of adverse weather conditions, ensure you park your vehicle in a garage. If you don’t have access to one, you should cover the car with thick blankets to safeguard it from getting damaged.

● Rear End Damage

Research has shown that in some popular cities such as Canada, about 25 percent of vehicle accidents are a result of rear-end collisions. A larger percentage of rear-end collisions are not severe and damages such as a cracked bumper can be fixed up easily. However, damages that are left unattended can result in more issues coming up including electrical difficulty, misaligned wheels, and many more.

A car with a bent frame or cracked body as a result of a rear or front collision must be fixed instantly. Turning a blind eye to it can result in more serious damage to the full operation of the car.

● Dents and Dings

It is important to note that dents and dings are two different types of car damages that can happen. Dents refer to damages that are more than half inches in diameter and cause severe damage to the metal and painting of the vehicle. While, dings on the other hand are little damages of less than half inches that in no way affect the metal or paint of the car.

Furthermore, dents tend to harm not only the outer body of the vehicle but also its internal components. While dings majorly influence the market value and aesthetics of the car. Therefore, to repair these types of damages, body fillers can be installed to fix up dings along with other little damages, while severe dents might need to change the whole panel.

Therefore, it is essential to consult only a professional technician whose major focus is on the structure of a vehicle. This is to ensure that all other underlying problems can be fixed effectively.

● Alignment Problems

Another major issue that might come up after being in a car accident is the car’s alignment. This type of car damage can be quite challenging to diagnose, as it can only be noticed during a driving session. No matter the type of car you might be using whether old or new, it is important that you do not turn a blind eye to it. Some of the results of this type of damage include increased fuel consumption, uneven tire wear, vehicle instability while driving, and fast wear and tear of suspension parts.

● Paint Damage

The major causes of paint damage are dents, however, road salts, rocks, and bird dropping can also cause this type of damage. It is referred to as cosmetic damage. The external part of a car comes with paint, primer, and a clear coating that is responsible for safeguarding the metal parts beneath the paint. Noticeable scratches at the surface don’t reach the primer, making it easily repairable with just a little paint.

However, when it comes to deep starches that are not repaired, they tend to be at risk of being exposed to debris, water, and dirt. The majority of these substances tend to find their way to the uncoated metal, thereby resulting in rusting.

● Electrical Problem

Due to the advancement in technology, modern vehicles now come with a unique electrical system. However, upon collision, a part or the whole system can experience bad performance. In situations where you are involved in a minor car accident, you might not notice any problems, but electrical issues are bound to occur.

This is because the electrical system of the vehicle is dependent on a frail system influenced by damaged fuses and cables.

● Windshield Damage

When referring to windshield damage, various types fall into this category. Some of these include cracks due to increases and decreases in temperature, cracks along the edges of the windshield, float cracks that start at the midpoint of the windshield, and many more.

The major factor responsible for determining whether it should be repaired or replaced is the level of damage that occurs. Any form of damage that exceeds 3 inches in diameter would most likely result in a replacement.

The replacement of a windshield has to do with the total removal of the whole shield and placing a new one. In situations where repair is needed, it is important to contact an expert so it can be done properly and without causing further damage.

● Suspension Problem

The suspension system of a vehicle is the part that enables you to be in full control of the steering wheel while driving. Any little change in the system due to a collision can affect the safety of the driver. Although it might not be easily noticeable, there is a probability that you might end up regretting the fact that you did not pay rapt attention to it.

How to Assess Damage on a Car

Being involved in an accident can be traumatic for a lot of people, even though no injuries were sustained. Knowing the amount of money to be spent on repair is dependent on the level of damage and the car damage history. Explained below are the various stages of vehicle damage.

● Severe Damage

On a regular day, you should not have to handle this level of car damage, as it involves a major part of the vehicle being crushed, missing parts, broken axles, and various others. For severe damage, the airbags are sure to be used, as such collision can be life-threatening. Injuries such as broken bones, bruises on the skin, and head trauma can be sustained.

● Moderate Damage

Moderate damage refers to in-depth scratches, massive dents, and any other form of structural abnormality that affects your vehicle. Generally, this category of damage might result in the deployment of the car’s airbag upon collision.

Although, the damage caused is not as extreme as that of severe damage, but you might encounter more issues. For instance, a huge dent can stop you from being able to open the doors or boot of the vehicle. This category of damage cannot be ignored but must be fixed immediately.

● Minor Damage

Just as you must have thought, this is considered the simplest and fastest to handle. In certain scenarios, the need for immediate repair of the damage might not be necessary. Examples of this category include scrapes, dents, and little scratches. Minor damages do not affect the proper operation of the vehicle and can be overlooked.


In summary, proper knowledge of what car damage is all about, the types, and how to assess care damages is quite important for everyone. It is recommended that you only visit professionals when you want to repair the damage to ensure the utmost standard of work. Take note that while you might consider certain damages minor, they can result in severe issues in the long run if not properly attended to.

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